While dialectic behavior (DBT) therapy was developed primarily to treat borderline personality disorders (BPD), it has also been found as an effective treatment for other psychiatric disorders, such as depression.
A 2002 study published in the American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry found that 71 percent of research participants who received DBT for depression were reported to be free of their depression symptoms at the end of the study.
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The researchers chose two of the five modalities used in dialectic behavior therapy to treat depression: DBT skill groups and crisis coaching. Their goal was to teach study participants new skills to help manage their negative emotions and life problems, especially in times of crisis. These skills can be especially useful when dealing with the negative emotions you typically experience when depressed.
Depression Symptoms DBT Treats
The dialectic behavior therapy has proven effective in treating many symptoms of depression, including the following:
Difficulty concentrating, thinking, or remembering
Continuous sadness or irritation
Lack of interest in activities
Repetitive thoughts about suicide or death
Headaches, chronic pain, or other physical problems that do not respond to treatment
Treatment of dialectic behavior therapy
Dialectic behavior therapy is a very structured form of therapy based on a synthesis of self-acceptance and change. It combines techniques directed to validation and tolerance, as well as techniques that will increase certain behaviors. The philosophy behind this treatment is that opposites may simply be two sides of the same coin based on how you look at them.
Dialectical Behavior Therapy was created by Marsha Linehan, a psychologist who initially developed the therapy while treating women who were suicidal and self-injurious.