The Section 8 program actually consists of two separate initiatives outlined in the amended 1937 US Housing Act. The Part 8 program officially began in the United States in 1974 with the introduction of the Housing and Community Development Act 1974.
This program is known as section 8 because it is outlined under the eighth section of the Housing Act. The two programs can be divided according to how vouchers are managed.
Under the housing choice voucher program, vouchers are given to tenants and transferred to a large number of rental units, provided the owner agrees to accept this voucher.
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Project-based rental grants refer to specific units or rental units that landlords can lease to low-income tenants at below market value as the program subsidizes the remaining amount.
The combined efforts of the Section 8 initiative represent the United States' largest investment in direct housing assistance for eligible low-income families. This effort will provide access to clean, safe, and affordable housing for more than 3 million households.
The PHA is a local public housing agency that is a government-affiliated organization. PHAs across the country are responsible for the daily administration of the voucher program for residential vouchers in Section 8.
This includes processing applications, checking applicant information, managing waiting lists, checking rental rates, fulfilling rental obligations for tenants and landlords, and much more.